Thursday, June 06, 2013

AVATARS, FOREVER






Several online ads, ensure the presentation of the Russian billionaire Dmitry Itskov on June 15 in the Global Future Congress 2045 to be held at Lincoln Center-Manhattan, where he will interact with his avatar (waist, above, 3D robotic human representation), which with 32 engines provided by Hanson Robotics, will clone his voice and facial expressions mobilizing all facial small muscle groups. Itskov draft: 2045 Initiative represents the zenith of four sequential projects: 2020 low-cost production of  human avatars, anthophomorphic robot controlled through a brain-computer interface. robot2025: autonomous life support to human brains transplanted to robots. 2035: technical ability to transplant human brains into robots, transferring the personality of an individual to a more advanced biological carrier : an avatar controlled by a brain-computer interface. 2045: Replacement of human bodies with personality and consciousness by holograms, becoming a new species, which live forever, without disease, without suffering for basic survival issues. Itskov and others argue that the only valid immortality is that of the mind. The body is a reusable device, that can be replaced by another body or any organic or artificial artifact.

Itskov’s ideas are not new. Mind upload was proposed in 1971 by the gerontologist Martin GM (Brief proposal on immortality: an interim solution. Perspect Biol Med 1971 14 (2): 339), being strongly promoted lately by the transhumanists: Nick Bostrom and Anders Sandberg who suggested (2008), Total brain emulation or Upload Mind: Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap. Technical Report. Future of Humanity Institute, Oxford University. The basic idea of Mind upload is to copy or transfer the conscious mind from a brain to a non-biological substrate, take a particular brain, scan its structure in detail and construct a model of software in conformity with the original such that when running on appropriate hardware it behaves essentially like the original brain. These resulting avatars could reside on a PC, having a simulated anatomical 3D body, living in a humanoid robot or a biological body, capable of capturing multiple sensations, including sex.

Avatars with Mind upload, would be useful in interstellar travel being free from extreme acceleration. Many avatars could fit in a very small spacecraft. The universe could be colonized by avatars favored by brain-brain and PC-person wireless data transmission in uninhabited locations. With reusable bodies they could work in hazardous environmental media, conducting successful rescue operations. However, there are points of contention I-Scanning can produce multiple copies, the same that exposed to different experiences will diverge, even if the memories are the same. II- Theft personality (Mind hacking) or theft memories, using their bodies to commit crimes.

AVATARES ETERNOS

Diversos anuncios online, aseguran la presentación del millonario ruso Dmitri Itskov el 15 de Junio en el 2045 Global Future Congress, a realizarse en el Lincoln Center-Manhattan, donde interactuara con su avatar (representación humana robotica en 3D), -de la cintura para arriba- el que con 32 motores provistos por Hanson Robotics, clonara su voz y expresiones faciales movilizando la totalidad de grupos faciales musculares pequeños. El proyecto de Itskov: 2045 Initiative representa el cenit de 4 proyectos secuenciales : 2020 produccion a bajo costo, de avatares humanos individuales. 2025 : soporte de vida autónoma a cerebros humanos trasplantados a robots. 2035 : capacidad tecnica para transplantar cerebros humanos a robots, transfiriendo la personalidad de un individuo a un portador no biológico mas avanzado : un avatar controlado por una interface : brain-computer. 2045 : reemplazo de cuerpos humanos con personalidad y conciencia, por hologramas, deviniendo en una nueva especie, que vivirá por siempre, sin enfermedades, sin sufrimientos por asuntos de supervivencia. Itskov y otros arguyen que la unica inmortalidad valedera es la de la mente. El cuerpo es un terno reusable, capaz de ser reemplazado por otro cuerpo o, cualquier artefacto organico u artificial.

El proyecto de Itskov no es nuevo. Fue visionado en 1971 por el gerontólogo Martin GM (Brief proposal on immortality: an interim solution. Perspect Biol Med. 1971 14(2):339), siendo fuertemente promocionado por los transhumanistas :Nick Bostrom y Anders Sandberg quienes sugirieron (2008), una emulación total cerebral o, Mind upload: Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap. Technical Report. Future of Humanity Institute-Oxford University. La idea basica del Mind upload -copia o trasferencia de la mente consciente- de un cerebro a un substrato no biologico, consiste en tomar un cerebro particular, escanear en detalle su estructura y construir un modelo de software -copia fiel del original- tal que al funcionar en un hardware apropiado se comporte esencialmente como el cerebro original. Tales avatares resultantes podrian residir en una PC, tener un cuerpo 3D anatomico simulado, residir en un robot humanoide o cuerpo biológico, capaces de captar multiples sensaciones, incluyendo el sexo.

Los avatares con Mind upload, serian utiles en viajes interestelares al no padecer de aceleracion extrema. Muchos avatares podrian caber en una nave especial muy pequeña. El universo podría ser colonizado por avatares favorecidos por la trasmision inalambrica de datos cerebro-cerebro y PC-persona en localizaciones inhabitadas. Con cuerpos reusables podrían trabajar en medios ambientales peligrosos, llevando a cabo exitosas operaciones de rescate. No obstante existen puntos de controversia I- el escaneo puede producir varias copias, las mismas que expuestas a experiencias distintas, divergiran, aun cuando las memorias sean las mismas. II- El tema del robo de personalidad (Mind hacking), robo de memorias, usando sus cuerpos para cometer crímenes.

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