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Sunday, July 31, 2005

A lo mejor el trabajo duro, es un castigo (y, no nos damos cuenta).


Motiva la presente nota, una reflexión meditada y serena en torno a las funciones y fines del trabajo, dadas : 1- las constantes arengas y sentencias, establecidas y provenientes de los países más desarrollados en el sentido de que el trabajo duro dignifica, ennoblece y gratifica. El trabajo bien remunerado (no importando a que costo), devendría entonces en un fín en sí mismo y 2-la reciente exposición de motivos, en Lima, de la española (foto de la izquierda.): Nuria Chinchilla. La catedrática ibérica (Universidad de Navarra), porta en su curriculum el ser : Directora del Centro Internacional del Trabajo y la Familia y miembro del Instituto de Estudios Superiores de la Empresa (IESE), de España. Habiendo arribado al Perú, invitada por el Programa de Administración (PAD) de la Universidad de Piura, la Dra. Chinchilla, pugna por introducir en nuestro país, algunas ideas sostenidas por ella y su equipo, desde hace 6 años : la integración de la familia y el trabajo. En su libro: "Como reconciliar el trabajo y la familia", la Dra Chinchilla, refiere que muchos exitosos, son al mismo tiempo personas fracasadas en su vida pèrsonal. Previene que dedicarse 100% al trabajo es un error, en tanto -el trabajo no debe excluír-, sino más bién, enriquecer la vida familiar. Como los seres humanos no son máquinas, el trabajo debería ser el medio, no el fin.
Tocante a nosotros, opinamos que la Dra. Chinchilla, al igual que muchos españoles y europeos reflexivos, están (han estado), sufriendo en carne propia los estragos del trabajo duro, tendiente a beneficiar -no a la gran masa de ciudadanos-, sino a ciertas élites y a mantener a España insertada dentro de los paises top ten. Además, estimamos que los considerandos de la Dra. Chinchilla, ni son nuevos, ni revolucionarios. Más que propuesta de envergadura con sólidos asideros filosóficos, la valoramos como una timida reflexión, frente a sus propias viscisitudes.


Personalmente, siempre he pensado que el trabajo duro, dirigido a elevar la producción, es un castigo. Y, si el trabajo no nos gusta (como le sucede al 70% de la población mundial), peor, aunque tengamos que hacerlo de todos modos. El trabajo duro, si es forzado deviene entonces en una especie de variante de la esclavitud, en la que una gran mayoria sacrifica su tiempo libre, en pró de una minoría, que la disfruta.
Si me permiten, veámoslo de esta manera : si quisieramos saber cuantos años de vida para si mismo, tendría un individuo productivo que viviese 90 años, bastaria con restar de la totalidad de sus años, las siguientes actividades : a-30 años, producto del sueño cotidiano b-12 años, dedicados a tareas relacionadas con el perfeccionamiento profesional: escuela college, universidad, post-profesionalización, etc y c-5 años, atribuibles a imprevistos, enfermedades, etc. Los 3 años restantes, únicos posibles para ser empleados en nosotros mismos, usualmente son utilizados en :reposar, ver TV, asistir o, ver espectáculos deportivos, espectar cine, realizar un pequeño viaje, etc. Eso es según la mayoría : la felicidad ; la razón final del trabajo duro. Ser feliz, apoyado por un duro trabajo, podría ser también adquirir (no importa a que costo), un BMW- último modelo- en vez de un modesto Fiat (aunque los dos sirvan para lo mismo), excepto que uno infla asáz, la vanidad. Momento entonces de preguntarse : ¿Que sucederia si un gobierno democrático, decidido a cambiar las cosas -de avanzada-, decidiese, en véz de estirar la jornada de trabajo, disminuirla a 4 horas/diarias? y que también optase por disminuir los estudios a : 2 años (primaria), 2 años (secundaria, equivalente a los 12 grados de los paises desarrollados, incluyendo el college) y 2 años de profesionalización?, debiéndose completar los estudios que faltasen en forma autodidacta (por si mismos, con ayuda de los padres, de la tecnología, con especialistas de nuestra elección y, a voluntad?.
Pues bien, si ahora volviésemos a realizar los cálculos, en véz de 3 años tendriamos : 23 años de vida para dedicarlos enteramente a nosotros mismos, a nuestro seres queridos y a la humanidad. Ganando por las 4 horas diarias, lo necesario y decente para cubrir nuestras necesidades básicas y sostener un buen pasar, empezaría a emerger la natural creatividad presente en la mayoría de las personas. Estas, realizarían sus trabajos con dedicación, altruísmo y alegria. No duden que los pasos para realizar cualquier tipo de trabajo, serian continuamente acortados, no incomodando que robots obreros ayuden en el trabajo cotidiano. Con nuestro tiempo libre, entonces : 1- realizaríamos tareas en las que el amor hacia uno mismo y a los demás, tengan prioridad 2-cultivariamos a nuestros hijos -completando su educación- como quien trabaja una escultura y, 3- nos reecontraríamos con las artes, la filosofia, la naturaleza el juego y su extensión : los deportes. Lo que no significaria oponerse a la diversidad. Si alguien deseara seguir trabajando duro para tener más, nadie tendria que oponerse.
Referencias:1-Tácito. La brevedad de la vida. 2-Nuria Chinchilla: "Adictos al trabajo". ElComercioperú.com.pe-30/07/05. 3-Russell,Bertrand. Elogio de la ociosidad.4-de Althaus, Guarneras, Jaime. : Más sueldo, menos trabajo. El Comercioperú.com.pe (Junio/2005).5-La Santa Biblia.Corintios -I-. 13. Sobre la preeminencia del amor.6-Nuria Chinchilla y Consuelo León.Como reconciliar el trabajo y la familia. La ambición femenina. Editorial Azul, Madrid.
Perhaps the hard work, is a punishment (and, we do not realize).

It motivates the present note, a reflection meditated and calm around the functions and aims of the work, given: 1- the constant sentences, established and originating in the countries more developed in the sense that hard work, means to be noblemen and is gratifying. The affluent remunerated hard work (not matter at what cost), would happen then to be and end aim in itself and 2- the recent exhibition of reasons, in Lima, of the Spanish (picture to the left), Nuria Chinchilla, whose curriculum exhibits to be : Director of the International Center for the Work and the Family and member of the Institute of Superior Studies of the Company (IESE), of Spain. Having arrived at the Peru, invited by the Program of Administracio'n (PAD) of the University of Piura, the Dra. Chinchilla, has been struggling to introduce in our country, some ideas maintained by her and their equipment, for 6 years: the integration of the family and the work. In its book: "Reconciliation of the work and family", the Dra Chinchilla, refers that many successful ones, are at the same time people failed in their pèrsonal life. It comes up that to dedicate 100% to hard work is a mistake, inasmuch - the work does not have to exclude -, but to enrich the familiar life. As the human beings are not machines, the work would have to be the means, not the aim.
Concerning us, we thought that Dra. Chinchilla, like many reflexives Spaniards and European, are (they have been), undergoing in own meat the damage of the hard work tending to benefit - not to the great mass of citizens -, but to a few and to maintain Spain inserted within " the top ten countries". In addition, we considered that the ideas of the Dra. Chinchilla, neither are new, nor revolutionary. Instead of solid ideas with strong philosophical handles, we valued it like a timid reflexion, as opposed to its own viscisitudes.
Personally, always I have thought that the hard work, directed to elevate the production, is a punishment. And, if the work we do not like (as it happens to the 70% of the world-wide population), -but we must do it anyway-, then we attended a variant of the slavery, in which the great population sacrifices its free time, in pró of a minority, that enjoys it.
If it is permitted, try to see the things in this way: if we want to know whichever years of life for himself would have a productive individual that could live 90 years, it will be enough to reduce of the totality of his life-years, the following activities: a-30 years, product of daily dream b-12 years, dedicated to tasks related to the professional improvement: school college, university, post-profesionalización, etc and c-5 years, attributable to unforeseen expenses, diseases, etc. The 3 remaining,unique years possible to be used in ourselves , usually are used in: to rest, seeing TV, to attend or, to see sport spectacles, watching cinema, to make a small trip, etc. That is according to the majority: the happiness; the final reason of the hard work. To be happy, supported by a hard work, could also be to acquire (it does not matter to what cost), a BMW- last model instead of a modest Fiat (although both them serve for the same), unless one inflates the vanity. Then moment to ask ourselves : What would happens if a democratic government, decided to change the things, decided, instead to stretch the work day, to diminish it to 4 horas/daily? and what if he decided also to diminish the studies to : 2 years (primary), 2 years (secondary, equivalent to the 12 degrees, of depevloped countries, including college and 2 years of profesionalizatión), being due to complete the studies that lacked by themselves in self-taught form (with the help of the parents, of the technology, with specialists of our election and, voluntarily.
Then, if now we returned to make the calculations, instead of 3 years, we would have : 23 years of life to entirely dedicate to ourselves, our dearest family and to the humanity. Earning by the 4 daily hours, the necessary to cover our basic needs and to maintain a good one for happening, we will assist to the emergence of the natural creativity present in most people. These, realize their works with fun and creativity. Do not doubt that the steps to make any type of work, would be continuously shortened, not disturbing us that robots working helps in the daily work. With our free time: 1- we would make tasks in which the love towards one same and to the others, has priority 2- we care our children with nore time - completing its education like that works a sculpture and, 3- we will rediscovery the arts, philosophy, the nature, the games and its extension: the sports. What would not means to be against the diversity. If somebody wished to continue working hard to earn more, nobody will oppose him.

Enviame un comment.Gracias. Send me a comment. Thank you.

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