Saturday, September 01, 2007


Video, Youtube: Comparison between conventional Computer and quantum computer where "atoms speak".
1) Top: On/Off, states of napthalocyanine molecule 2) Down: Schematic view of the switching process that involves 2 hydrogen atoms located in a cavity at the center of the molecule.

IBM, finishes announcing that they are in capacity to make computation and to store information to atomic level, fact that begins to approach us to the singularity (technological revolution without precedents), predicted by Ray Kurzweil for the year : 2050, accelerating also the unstop miniaturization of chips, predicted by the Law of Moore. With which massive appeareance of quantum computers, with more capacity of processing thanks to the phenomenon of superposition (addition of amplitude of interference waves, so that an object simultaneously has 2 or but values for an observable thing) and superspeed thanks to entanglement (operations of data between 2 or but objects –spatially separated- described by referring one to another), also begins to materialize itself. Although some do not perceive the importance of the news, it is enough to say that thanks to this knowledge we will have within few years: robots with brains equivalent to the humans: making trips to the space and populating planets, planning scientific researches, making workings of security, and so on).

I) R. Stanley Williams of Hewlett-Packard, says that a hybrid chip :of silicon and components on molecular scale is being manufactured (field programmable gate Array: F.P.G.A), that saves enormous space. With the use of the magnetism on nanotechnológic scale, a technique has been created to read and to write digital and simultaneously: “1s” and “0s” on individual atoms. Thus, an iron atom, could simultaneously be stored in a unique qbit of binary data (“0” and “1”), identified by the orientation of its magnetic field, basic conception to build superquick cuantic computers. Researchers of I.B.M/Almaden Research Center/San Jose, California, have observed by means of a scanning tunneling microscope, the iron and Manganese atom magnetic orientation to low temperatures, crucial fact to read, to write and to store digital information. II) Another group of researchers of I.B.M/Zurich, has obtained that 2 Hydrogen atoms (with atomic movements forward and backwards -creating 2 states- equivalent to “0” and “1”), work like switchs. Finally the same group injected an electrical charge to the interior of a molecule, transmitting the effect to a neighboring molecule, establishing the atomic possibility of extending in the future, the effect to trillons of atomic switches (entanglement), accelerating infinitely the trasmisión of information.


La IBM, acaba de anunciar que está en capacidad de realizar computación y almacenar información a nivel atómico, hecho que empieza a acercarnos a la singularidad (revolución tecnológica sin precedentes), predicha por Ray Kurzweil para el año 2050, acelerando asimismo la indetenible miniaturización de chips, predicha por la Ley de Moore. Con lo que la masivización de computadoras cuánticas, con más capacidad de procesamiento merced al fenómeno de superposición (adición de amplitudes de ondas de interferencia, de modo que un objeto posea simultáneamente 2 o mas valores para una cantidad observable) y supervelocidad merced al entanglement (operaciones de datos entre 2 o mas objetos -espacialmente separados- descritos con referencia el uno de otro), empieza también a materializarse. Aunque algunos no perciban la importancia de la noticia, baste decir que merced a ello tendremos dentro de pocos años :robots con cerebros equivalentes al de humanos : realizando viajes al espacio y poblando planetas, planificando investigaciones cientificas, realizando labores de seguridad, de salvataje, etc).

I) R. Stanley Williams de
Hewlett-Packard, dice que se está manufacturando un chip hibrido : de silicio y componentes a escala molecular (field programmable gate array: F.P.G.A), que ahorra enorme espacio. Con el empleo del magnetismo a escala nanotecnológica, se ha creado una técnica para leer y escribir simultáneamente :“1s” y “0s” digitales, sobre átomos individuales. Asi, un átomo de hierro, podria almacenar simultáneamente un único qbit de datos binarios ("0" y "1"), identificados por la orientaciún de su campo magnético, concepción básica para construir superveloces computadoras cuúnticas. Investigadores de I.B.M/Almaden Research Center/San Jose, California, han observado mediante un scanning tunneling microscope, la orientación magnética de átomos de Hierro y Manganeso, a bajas temperaturas, hecho crucial para leer, escribir y almacenar información digital. II) Otro grupo de investigadores de la I.B.M/Zurich, ha logrado que 2 átomos de Hidrógeno (con movimientos atómicos, de delante hacia atrás, creando 2 estados, equivalentes a “0” y “1”), funcionen como switchs. Finalmente el mismo grupo inyectó una carga eléctrica al interior de una molécula, trasmitiendo el efecto a una molécula vecina, estableciendo la posibilidad de extender el efecto a trillones de switches atómicos en el futuro (entanglement), acelerando infinitamente la trasmisión de la información.


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