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Sunday, February 07, 2010

NUMBER OF CHINESE SCIENTISTS







Official information refers that USA published in 2008: 340 000 pure scientific papers, China 112 000, Germany :90 000 and Japan: 80,000. Nevertheless, James Wilsdon’s proyections (British Royal Society), foresee that in 2020 China will be the number one producer of scientific articles, coming from their but of 750 universities and 1.5 million researchers. China tries now to generate research of great quality, to increase the number of its first class researchers and to build nets of scientific excellence with its peer of the rest of the world.

China exhibits achievements in sciences of space, paleontology, chemistry-physics of materials (crystallography and metallurgy), atomic investigation, physics of high energy, computation, etc, although it has yet a low number of patents and is back in basic research, astrophysics and physics of particles where just independent thought and international connections are generated. Regarding this last, 9% of the total of published Chinese articles has as co-authors to American, 3% to Japanese and 2,3% to German. Of another side, China offers attractive jobs to Chinese students that study abroad. Thanks to it China is passing from low cost manufactured products to others of superior quality shortening the qualitative distance exhibited by many European and American products (cars, for example).

NUMERO DE CIENTIFICOS CHINOS

Información oficial refiere que USA publicó 340 000 articulos cientificos puros el 2008, China 112 000, Alemania :90 000 y Japón: 80,000. No obstante, las proyecciones de James Wilsdon (British Royal Society), auguran que el 2020 China será el productor numero uno de artículos científicos, procedentes de sus mas de 750 universidades y 1.5 millones de investigadores. China intenta generar investigación de gran calidad, incrementar el numero de sus investigadores de primera clase y construir redes de excelencia científica con sus pares del resto del mundo.

China exhibe logros en ciencias del espacio, paleontología, química-física de materiales (cristalografía y metalurgia), investigación atómica, física de altas energias, computación, etc, aunque aun exhibe un numero bajo de patentes y esta algo atrasada en investigación básica, astrofisica y física de partículas donde se genera pensamiento independientemente y conexiones internacionales. Respecto a esto último, el 9% del total de articulos chinos publicados tienen como co-autores a americanos, el 3% a japoneses y el 2,3% a alemanes. De otro lado, China ofrece atractivos puestos de trabajo a estudiantes chinos que estudian en institutos extranjeros. Merced a ello China esta pasando de productor de manufacturas de bajo costo a productos de calidad superior acortando la distancia cualitativa entre muchos productos europeos y americanos y los suyos (carros, por ejemplo).

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