Saturday, July 31, 2010

MANIPULATED DREAMS.








According to Deirdre Barrett (How Artists, Scientists and Athletes Dreams for Uses Creative Problem-Solving-and How You Dog, Too) and others, it is possible to control dreams by means of novel technics that solve specific problems, eliminate nightmares, to dream to the interior of a dream and to know something of what others dream in real time. Until recently it was thought that during REM dream, participated mostly the brain cortex. Today it is accepted that the lower part of brain stem activate the cortex, that finally carry out a very organized work and with sense. It is known that depending on the type of dreams, certain regions (visual, motor and sensitive cortex), are but active, prevailing the visual effects. Other areas (prefrontal: logical reasoning and censorship), are less active during REM dream. Interesting thing is that during dreams, we continue thinking on daily problems giving them creative solutions because our logic is less linear that when we are awake and because frontal lobes in charge of censorship, are less active during dreams.

A way of solving problems during dreams is to represent them visually. During a dream, Kekule solved the structure of benzenic ring aligning atoms simulating a snake that volute on itself, bit its own tail. One technique is to think the problem having an image of it before going to bed and not jump from the bed when waking up, because we can get lost dream images. Some therapists create alternate wanted scenarios, closing the eyes and imagining them (Barry Krakow). One can dream to the interior of a dream (lucid dream), persuading the fellow that such a night certain dream will occur. But lucid dreams are not adapted to stop nightmares. You can influence the dreams by means of sensorial stimuli (auditory), although not so strong because they could wake up the person in study. Steve LaBerge uses flashes of red light directed to the face. If their patients to the awakening said they have seen red flashes, they are convinced of having had a lucid dream.

MANIPULANDO SUEÑOS

Según Deirdre Barrett (How Artists, Scientists and Athletes Use Dreams for Creative Problem-Solving—and How You Can, Too) y otros, es posible manipular sueños mediante novedosas técnicas que resuelven problemas especificos, eliminan pesadillas, permiten soñar al interior de un sueño y conocer algo de lo que otros sueñan en tiempo real. Hasta hace poco se pensaba que durante el sueño REM, participaba unica o mayormente el cortex cerebral. Hoy se acepta que la parte inferior del tallo cerebral despierta a la corteza que finalmente termina realizando un trabajo muy organizado y con sentido. Se sabe que dependiendo del tipo de sueños, ciertas regiones (cortex visual, motor y de la sensibilidad), son mas activas, predominando los efectos visuales. Otras areas (prefrontal : del razonamiento lógico y censura), son menos activas durante el sueño REM. Lo interesante es que durante el sueño, continuamos pensando en problemas cotidianos dandoles solucciones creativas porque nuestra lógica es menos linear que cuando estamos despiertos y porque los lobulos frontales encargados de la censura, son menos activos durante los sueños.

Un modo de resolver problemas durante sueños es representarlos visualmente. Durante un sueño, Kekulé resolvió la estructura del anillo bencenico alineando atomos simulando una serpiente enroscada sobre si misma, mordiendo su propia cola. Una técnica es pensar el problema teniendo una imagen de el, antes de acostarse y no saltar de la cama al despertarse, porque se pierden las imagenes oniricas. Algunos terapistas crean escenarios deseados alternos, cerrando los ojos e imaginándolos (Barry Krakow). Se puede soñar al interior de un sueño (sueño lucido), persuadiendo al sujeto que tal noche soñara determinado sueño. Empero, los sueños lúcidos no son adecuados para parar pesadillas. Se puede influenciar los sueños mediante estimulos sensoriales (auditivos), aunque no tan fuertes porque podrían despertar a la persona en estudio. Steve LaBerge usa flashes de luz roja dirigida a la cara. Si sus pacientes al despertar corroboran haber visto flashes rojos, quedan convencidos de haber tenido un sueño lucido.

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