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Saturday, July 09, 2005

Miami


En tanto, tengo familiares legales y otros en vías de serlo en Miami, he disfrutado el placer de visitarla en dos oportunidades. La primera, ocurrió en el 2002, viajando por LAN Chile -clase media-, en un vuelo sin escalas de 5 horas. Por la noche, sobrevolando Cuba, te preocupas cuando por espacio de 15 minutos percibes el balanceo continuo del avión (a efecto de los vientos) y, divisas por las ventanillas fogonazos intermitentes (rayos). El aeropuerto de Miami, es enorme, 10 veces más grande que el Jorge Chávez de Lima. Tiene muchas puertas (gates). La pesquisa y revisión previa al ingreso a la ciudad es implacable. No es conveniente portar metálico en los bolsillos, porque vas a pasar momentos desagradables. La primera noche (hay que hacer la reserva con anticipación), me alojé en el Ramada Inn, a 90 dólares la noche, incluído impuestos, ocupando una habitación de dos camas, conexas a una piscina lateral, visible a través de las lunas de la habitación. Las puertas se abrían con tarjetas y el servicio de limpieza era persistente. Al recrear el hotel, me llamó la atención una fiesta (party), convocada y efectivizada por una entusiasta pléyade de adolescentes (teenagers), acondicionados con aretes, desenfado y mucho color en sus humanidades. Sábado alegre, música a todo volumen, noche plena, tragos y algo más, pero... sin salir del hotel.
Por la mañana, alcancé a divisar un juzgado para casos de trascendencia menor, en un ángulo del hotel. El alquiler (rent),de habitaciones de hoteles, casas o departamentos en Miami, es relativamente elevado, para un latino, por lo que permanencias prolongadas, requieren billeteras reforzadas, a menos que te alojes en casa de familiares. Las habitaciones rentadas, incluyen, muebles, refrigeradora, cocina, ventilador y otros. La comida, la ropa y el transporte por el contrario son baratas, con lo que el ahorro (saving), es posible.
Lo primero que notas en Miami, es el tráfago laboral. La gente se levanta temprano a trabajar o estudiar, desde las 08,00 hs am hasta las 16 o, 17,00 hs pm, en promedio, lo que implica ingerir desayunos y comidas (carne aprisionada entre lonjas de pan, más yogurt, jugos o gaseosas -soda-), en los centros de trabajo o, en restaurants al paso (fast-food, restaurants). La gente cena en sus casas de noche, y a veces todo el dia, los sabados y domingos. Empero, mayormente lo hacen en la calle, porque todo el mundo desea disfrutar los fines de semana.(week-ends). Un residente legal (american citizen), gana en promedio 30 dólares la hora y otro en vias de serlo entre 5,5 a 8 dólares la hora. Estos últimos, sin embargo, triplican su básico, con propinas (tips), y trabajos extras. Si estudias, cambian la cosas. Acá la instrucción valen su peso en oro. Hay mucho trabajo, teniendo ventaja, bilingues e instruídos. En una sociedad tan afluente como la americana es posible si eres legal, vivir sin trabajar. Los homeless (sin casa : vagos, drogadictos en rehabilitación), disponen de viáticos mensuales, comida y casa gratis, a cambio de no deambular por las calles afeando la ciudad. Un americano, sin estos defectos, tambien tiene derecho a subsidios temporales, si por alguna razón, pierde su empleo.
A causa del trabajo, las casas quedan semivacias, por las mañanas. Estuve alojado en Hialeah, en un condominio de clase media, poseedor de un lago interior, rodeado por unas 60 casas. Estos hogares, de uno o, dos pisos (que ahora pueden localizarse mediante satélites), tienen paredes y techos livianos, debido a que es más facil repararlas luego del paso destructor de ciclones y tornados y, porque el agua (de mar), esta casi a rás del piso. A diferencia, de Lima, las casas no lucen enrejadas. Si uno se lo propusiera ingresaria con facilidad a cualquier casa ajena por las ventanas, pero esto seria una actitud temeraria, porque se vigila sin que se note. Existen visores de seguridad, por doquier y ante una llamada telefónica, la policia aparece de inmediato.Existe abundante vigilancia particular.
En Miami no existen tiendecitas (bodegas). Hay, supermercados (malls),de 500 M2, en promedio, cada 5 cuadras. Cada 3 kms existen supermalls, capaces de surtirte desde una aguja hasta un tractor. Acá, pocos transitan a pie. Los carros usados son tan baratos (los hay de 200 dólares), que seria un desperdicio no usarlos. No obstante existe transporte público (con 1 dólar recorres todo Miami). Cuando accedes a los buses, lo primero que percibes es el respeto por discapacitados, mujeres niños y adultos mayores. Nunca vas a ver buses sobrepasados en su capacidad. La frase "al fondo hay sitio", está proscrita aqui. Algunos diarios son gratuitos y los puedes recoger en hoteles o buzones públicos.Los hay en español y inglés.
En Miami, los latinos constituyen casi el 50% de la población. Pronto te dás cuenta que proporcionalmente, españoles, cubanos y argentinos ocupan los puestos de mayor importancia, atribuible a la educación y capacidad económica de sus poderosas clases medias. Hasta hace poco los argentinos ingresaban libremente a USA y en el caso de Cuba, una franquicia especial (poner pie en territorio americano), les permite integrarse a USA, con suma facilidad.
En Marzo, 2005, estuve por 6 dias, de turista por segunda véz en Miami, en South Beach, una de sus tantas islas. Nuevamente viajé por LAN-Chile a quienes agradezco por su excelente atención. Me alojé en casa de familiares. Mayormente anduve entre la playa, Seaside Beach, Lincoln Road, Collins Avenue, Ocean Drive y realicé una breve visita personal, sin éxito al Jackson Memorial Hospital, en busca de perfeccionamiento profesional.

Durante mi estadia, escuchaba por doquier :
sumale mambo pa' que mi gata prenda lo motore
sumale mambo pa que mi gata prenda lo motore
sumale mambo pa que mi gata prenda lo motore
.......................................................................
a ella le gusta la gasolina (dame mas gas)
como le encanta la gasolina (dame mas gas)

..de los Daddy Yankee: http://www.hugelyrics.com Mi guia, un familiar adolescente de 14 años, portaba un walkman, un celular, una radio pequeña y, una cámara fotográfica, con los que interactuaba simultáneamente. El apertrechamiento de adminiculos tecnológicos es barato (y, necesario), aquí. Las tarjetas telefónicas, de 70 minutos, para llamar a cualquier lugar del mundo cuestan 5 dólares, por lo que el respetable, conversa (talk all day), todo el dia, vía celulares. Los domingos en la playa son fiesta y negocio permanente. Ves, alli reunidas :salud,juventud y belleza. Observas a las mujeres y hombres mas bellos del mundo. Todas las razas convergen aqui. Mientras en el Perú, el dinero circula horizontalmente y por espacios restringidos, aqui, se desliza con fluidez vertical y horizontal en forma ilimitada. Mi viaje me permitió pués, pasar temporalmente, del reino de la escaséz al de la abundancia.

En la playa (beach), tuve la oportunidad de observar a mujeres de entre 60 70 años, con las mamas bien puestas, al aire libre (cirugia plástica de por medio) y diminutos bikinis, alternando con jóvenes mancebos.No podria decir que sea infrecuente ver a blancas y gente de color (y, viceversa), emparejados. Por la noche bellas protitutas inundan Ocean Drive, Collins Avenue y todo el downtown. Las casas en South Beach son diferentes a Hialeah. Disponen de más solidez y estética. Son similares a las de Miraflores o San Isidro. Aca vive gente pudiente.South Beach esta llena de hoteles. Si recorres las playas in extenso te das cuenta que no hay smog, las nubes son extremadamente blancas y las verdes palmeras y blancos yates (en Seaside Beach te ofrecen paseos por la bahia), están al alcance de tu mano. Igualito que en las peliculas.

Aunque Lima, dispone de mejores playas que Miami, las de esta ultima lucen más limpias y más seguras. Miami, continúa ganándole terreno al mar. Cada dia hay más hoteles. Lincoln Road es el equivalente pudiente de la cachina peruana, con la diferencia que los objetos usados que se venden aqui, tienen mas variedad, se venden con factura y cuestan más.Si quieres comer bien, visita Ocean Drive....de noche.
Si tiene un adolescente escolar estudiando allá, sabrás que la primaria y secundaria están unidas (12 grados) y que las aulas albergan en promedio a 20 alumnos. La sociedad participa en la selección de profesores y en cierta forma en su administración. Cada alumno dispone de una PC y muchisima ayuda de parte del estado.Si estudias en Hialeah, recibes clases en español 4 veces a la semana y una en ingles. Si estudias en SouthBeach todas las clases son en Ingles. Las facilidades para trabajar y estudiar para los legales son enormes. Por eso los ilegales tratan por todos los medios de casarse (con legales, via contratos ), para poder trabajar y progresar.
Enviame un comment.Gracias

11 Comments:

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