Tuesday, March 07, 2006

Presidential Test.


Barely 3 months after concluded the construction of 2 Cusco parallel gas ducts (22/12/04), their crack occurred. And, the 02/03/06, was counted another. To date, they have occurred -in different areas of the duct that conducts the liquid gas of the open of Camisea (Cusco), 5 partial breaks. The last one, with emission of liquid gas occurred in Kepashiato (Cusco. 126 km away of Cusco), affecting –burning: 140 M2 of lands and cultivations. As it is known, one duct of gas leave Camisea (Cusco), and transport liquid gas (285 million cubic feet each/day) and the other: natural gas crossing: lakes, rivers, natural reserves, hills and others - to the coast: Ica and from there to Lima, on a total of 540 Km and 714 km, respectively. The causes of the previous breaks (according to audiences carried out by Osinerg- Investigation Supervisor Agency in Energy-.Peru), have been attributed to excess of liquid gas, unstable floors, failures in the welding and employment of material recycled. To consequence of it, have died abundant fish, have burned extensive lands of cultivation and 5 injured people by burns and/or inhalation of vapors of the liquid gas. Nothing seemed still to what happened in Mexican coal mines (1988: 37 dead persons or, Cuernavaca :2/3/06, where an explosion of the grisu gas has disappeared 65 people. Therefore one must take the preventive measures and not to expect that occur somewhat similar. Despite the judicial initiatives tending toward surpassing these failures, the responsible company: TGP (Transporting of the Gas Peru), by means of the aid of skillful lawyers (some they suppose also certain help of state senior officials, to investigate. PP Kuscinsky, the present Minister of Energy and Mines, was an advisor of the initial gas explorer companies: Hunt Oil and Tenaris), have avoided legal and economic sanctions, without compensate absolutely nothing.

The recent break occurred, in the final steps of the Peruvian electoral campaign, can not be avoided by the presidential petitioners, doing the times of a hard and incisive test for all them. Keeping in mind a) the human accidents referred of Mexico and Peru b) to that they has begin to install home gas c) they have begin to install gas in vehicles including public buses d) they have begin to export it, the event serves to evaluate the opinions of the presidential men. We are expecting a studied and needed exposition of Peter Koechlin, the echo-envirommental candidate, being strange that he be not pronounced up to now. Alone 2 candidates have expressed opinions studied and congruent: Javier Diez Canseco and Ollanta Humala, who have requested the closing of the operations and after it to proceed immediately to carry out internal audiences in the finish of the distance (no more than 45 days), under international supervision and, to reopen the ducts alone when they offer absolute security. Although the remainder of the candidates also has placed the shout in the sky at the moment of to propose solutions most of them have suggested to carry out first the audiences (that usually last 2 years and never remove clear nothing) and then to take initiatives, that is to say the same thing that nothing. Judge you who defend or not our coyntry interest. Addenda: according to the newspaper : La Republica (07/03/06). (See below under spanish translation) -in order to achieve with hurry the concession- the reserves declared and other connected studies al gas, not would concordate with that consigned in various contracts
Examen para presidenciables.

Apenas 3 meses después de concluida la construcción de 2 ductos paralelos gasiferos cusqueños (22/12/04), ocurrió su primera fisura. Y, el 02/03/06, se contabilizó otra. A la fecha, han ocurrido -en distintas areas físicas, del ducto que conduce el gas liquido del abra de Camisea (Cusco), 5 roturas parciales. La última, con emisión de gas liquido ocurrió en Kepashiato (Cusco. A 126 km del Cusco), afectando –quemando-140 M2 de tierras y cultivos. Como se sabe 1 de los 2 ductos de Camisea (Cusco), transporta gas liquido (285 millones de pies cubicos /dia) y el otro, gas natural atravesando:lagunas,rios,reservas naturales, cerros y lomas- hasta la costa :Ica y, de alli hacia Lima, sobre un total de 540 Km y 714 km, respectivamente. Las causas de las roturas anteriores (según auditorias realizadas por Osinerg-Organismo Supervisor de Investigación en Energia-.Peru), han sido atribuidas a exceso de gas liquido, suelos inestables, fallas en las soldaduras y empleo de material reciclado. A consecuencia de ello, han muerto abundantes peces, se han quemado extensas tierras de cultivo y dejado 5 personas heridas por quemaduras y/o inhalación de vapores del gas liquido. Nada parecido todavía a lo ocurrido en minas carboniferas mexicanas (1988: 37 muertos o, Cuernavaca :2/3/06, donde una explosion del gas grisu tiene desaparecidos a 65 personas. Por tanto hay que tomar las medidas preventivas y no esperar que ocurra algo semejante. Pese a las iniciativas judiciales tendientes a superar estas fallas, la compañía responsable :TGP (Transportadora del Gas Peru), mediante la ayuda de hábiles abogados (algunos suponen tambien cierta ayuda de altos funcionarios estatales, a investigar. PP Kuscinsky, el actual Ministro de E y Minas, fué asesor de las compañias exloradoras del gas:Hunt Oil y Tenaris), se las ha ingeniado para sortear todo tipo de obstáculos legales y economicos, sin compensar absolutamente nada.

La reciente rotura ocurrida, en el tramo final de la campaña electoral, no podia ser obviada por los postulantes presidenciales, haciendo las veces de un duro e incisivo test para todos ellos. Teniendo en cuenta a) los accidentes humanos referidos de Mexico y Peru b) a que se empieza a instalar gas domiciliario c) a, que se empieza a instalar gas en medios de transporte incluidos buses públicos d) a que se empieza a exportarlo, el suceso sirve para evaluar las opiniones de los presidenciables. Estamos esperando una estudiada y precisa exposición de Peter Koechlin, el candidadto ecoambientalista, siendo extraño que no se pronuncie hasta ahora. Solo 2 candidatos han expresado opiniones estudiadas y congruentes : Javier Diez Canseco y Ollanta Humala, quienes han solicitado el cierre de las operaciones y luego de ello proceder de inmediato a realizar auditorias internas en el termino de la distancia (45 dias), bajo supervisión internacional y, reabrir los ductos solo cuando ofrezcan absoluta seguridad. Aunque el resto de los candidatos tambien ha puesto el grito en el cielo a la hora de proponer soluciones han sugerido realizar primero las auditorias (que usualmente duran mas de 2 años y nunca sacan nada claro) y luego tomar iniciativas, o sea lo mismo que nada. Juzgue usted quien si y quien no, defiende al pueblo. Addenda :según el diario LaRepublica (07/03/06) -a fin de lograr con prisa la concesión- las reservas declaradas y otros estudios conexos al gas, no concordarian con lo consignado en varios contratos.Leer mas

No comments: