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Sunday, September 13, 2009

LADY OF PACOPAMPA




Left. Infography .Taken from el Comercio.Peru.



The recent discovery of the Lady of Paxopampa (Chota-Cajamarca/Perú. 3000 years b.C.) -carried out by Yuji Seji and collaborators - in the context of a wide complex of constructions bears to a series of reflections: I) The posterior part of the skull of this 35 year-old woman, 1,55 m of stature, exhibited vertical occipital bone deformation being partially covered for cinnabar (natural mercury sulphur), a tint identified also in skull’s bones of the Man of Lauricocha (8 000 years a.C/2950 m. a.s.l.Huánuco/Perú.1959). With security, a rite brought to Peru by the first Asian immigrants that crossed the Strait of Behring 15 000 years ago b.P. But, while tapes, splints or deformator tools have not been found perhaps the deformation would have been carried out against the plane surface of a cradle.


II) To find remains of llamas in the tomb joined to the knowledge that quechua word Pacopampa means place of llamas, confirms the presence these animals along the whole Peruvian sierra, escaping from the coast because the extensive hunt on the part of the man. III) The presence of an expensive funeral camera containing the lady, suggests the existence of elites of power: relative good state of health of the lady, presence of earmuffs and gold and silver slopes, elaborated multicolored collars, bottles, bowls, etc. IV) the above-mentioned, also confirms the belief of these prehispanic people in the existence of a world beyond this, where the lady should go properly with abundant gears and food.

DAMA DE PACOPAMPA

El reciente descubrimiento de la Dama de Pacopampa (Chota-Cajamarca/Perú.3000 años a.C.) -realizado por Yuri Sejo y colaboradores- en el contexto de un amplio complejo de edificaciones conlleva a una serie de reflexiones: I) La parte posterior del cráneo de la mujer de 35 años y 1,55 m de estatura, exhibía deformación tabular erecta estando cubierto parcialmente por cinabrio (sulfuro de mercurio natural), un tinte identificado también en la parte posterior del cráneo del Hombre de Lauricocha (8 000 años a.C/Huánuco/Perú.1959). Con seguridad, un rito traído al Perú por los primeros inmigrantes asiáticos que cruzaron el Estrecho de Behring hace 15 000 años a.P. Empero, mientras no se encuentren las cintas, tablillas o aperos deformadores, la deformación habría sido realizada contra la superficie plana de una cuna.


II)Encontrar restos de llamas en la tumba, aunado al conocimiento de que el término quechua Pacopampa significa lugar de llamas, confirma la presencia de camélidos a lo largo de toda la sierra, huidos de la costa a causa de su extensa caza por parte del hombre. III) La presencia de una costosa cámara funeraria conteniendo a la dama, sugiere la existencia de élites de poder: relativo buen estado de salud de la dama, presencia de orejeras y pendientes oro y plata, elaboradas cuentas multicolores, botellas, cuencos, etc. IV) Lo anterior, confirma asimismo la creencia de estos moradores prehispánicos en la existencia de un mundo más allá de éste, adonde debía ir la dama debidamente apertrechada de avíos y comida.

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