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Monday, June 18, 2007

ALCOHOL and a REASON to LIVE.


While in whole Peru, the consumption per capita of absolute alcohol is 6 to 7 lt., per year (1 million 400 thousand Peruvians, undergo alcoholism and 5- 10% of these, exhibit severe physical dependency), a study made by an international team of researchers (Lancet), showed that Russians were the main alcohol consumers in the world (15, 2 liters of pure alcohol, per capita for year, being Moscow, the alcoholic city but of the world, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica and WHO). While 57% of the consumption in Peru, correspond to distilled drinks and the rest to beer; in Russia it is consumed more and more: zapoi (90% and but of pure alcohol) by 2 or, but continuous days. In spite of these differences, Francisco Bravo Alva, Chief of the Hospital Hermilio Valdizan de Lima, esteem that alcoholism in Peru, constitutes already, a serious problem of public health (cirrhosis, accidents of journey, violence, elevated use of hospitable beds, elevated mortality) and for the Russians is a national problem. While in Peru, rates of prevalence of alcoholism oscillate between 2.68% - 14% (in workers, more than 20%, according to investigations made in urban-marginal areas, by the National Institute of Mental Health “Honorio Delgado-Hideyo Noguchi"), in Russia is 47%, for jobless workers. In Peru the relation man/woman/alcoholism is 4/1, in average. David Leon and colleagues of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine examined registries of 1.750 men died in Izhevsk/Russia (2003-05), comparing them with those of 1.750 -still alive ones- finding that alcohol consumers had 6 times greater chance to die but young (25-54 years), that non-drinkers. Half of the deaths in workers in a Russian typical city can be attributed to severe alcoholism, they wrote, existing indirect evidence that increased Russian mortality at the beginning of the 90s, can be related to severe alcoholism. Part of early russian deaths, is related to ingestion of cheap local products: medicinal antiseptic, eau de cologne, dyes, perfumes, after shave lotions, etc. In this case, their consumers (without work, with poor houses and bad diet), have 9 times greater chance to die. Here, the illegal alcohol is widely consumed, containing some products up to 95% of alcohol by volumen. The life expectancy in Russia is low (2004: 59 years for men and 72 for women). The study argues that lifestyles and political decisions, influence increasing rates of alcoholism in Russia, where in 2005, alcohol was bound to 72% of murders and 42% of suicides. While in Peru the main preoccupation is centered in alcoholic adolescents and tie haltings to their use (26% of total arrests by the police), more than 40% of deaths happened in traffic accidents associated to alcohol consumption. Between the attentions of emergency by accidents and aggressions including homicides, in 7 hospitals of Lima, alcohol use was present in 41.3% of the cases. According to Bravo, the problem has grown because our society is tolerant with the consumption of alcohol, adding that the success of a treatment must have decision to enter and to stay within a treatment program. All specialists agree in that an alcoholic needs the familiar support in the recovery therapies. While in Peru, depressive or anxious states, low tolerance to frustrations or incapacity to manage stress are implied as the greater conditioners, in Russia it is estimated that alcoholism is a disease of the soul. The Russians do not have spiritual goals, does not have an enough reason to live.


ALCOHOLISMO o UNA RAZON PARA VIVIR.


Mientras en el Perú, el consumo per cápita de alcohol absoluto es de 6 a 7 lt., por año (1 millón 400 mil peruanos, sufren alcoholismo y 5-10 %, de estos exhiben dependencia fisica severa), un estudio realizado por un equipo internacional de investigadores (Lancet), demostró que los rusos eran los principales consumidores de alcohol en el mundo (15, 2 litros de alcohol puro, per capita por año, siendo Moscu, la ciudad mas alcohólica del mundo, según la WHO). Mientras el 57 % del consumo en el Perú, corresponde a bebidas destiladas y el resto a cerveza; en Rusia se consume cada vez mas: zapoi (90 % y mas de alcohol puro) por 2 o, mas dias continuos. Pese a las diferencias, Francisco Bravo Alva, Director General del Hospital Hermilio Valdizan de Lima, estima que el alcoholismo en el Perú, constituye yá, un grave problema de salud pública (cirrosis, accidentes de transito, violencia, uso elevado de camas hospitalarias, elevada mortalidad), para los rusos es un problema nacional. Mientras en el Perú, la tasas de prevalencia de alcoholismo oscilan entre 2,68% - 14% (en obreros, más del 20%, según investigaciones realizadas en áreas urbano-marginales, por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental "Honorio Delgado - Hideyo Noguchi), en Rusia es de 47%, para obreros sin trabajo. En el Perú la relación hombre/mujer/alcoholismo es 4/1, en promedio. David León y colegas del London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine examinaron registros de 1,750 hombres muertos en Izhevsk/Rusia (2003-05), comparandolos con las de 1,750 -aún vivos- encontrando que los consumidores de alcohol tenian una chance 6 veces mayor de morir mas jovenes (25-54 años), que los no bebedores. Casi la mitad de las muertes en obreros en una ciudad tipica rusa pueden ser atribuidas al alcoholismo severo, escribieron, existiendo evidencia indirecta de que la mortalidad rusa incrementada a principios de los 90, puede estar relacionada a alcoholismo severo. Parte de las muertes tempranas rusas, están relacionadas a la ingesta de productos locales baratos: agua de colonia, tinturas medicinales, antisépticos, perfumes, lociones de afeitar, etc. En este caso, sus consumidores (sin trabajo, con viviendas pobres y mala dieta), tienen una chance 9 veces mayor de morir. Aquí, el alcohol ilegal es ampliamente consumido, conteniendo algunos productos hasta 95% de alcohol por volumen. La esperanza de vida en Rusia es baja (2004 :59 años para hombres y 72 para mujeres). El estudio arguye que los estilos de vida y las decisiones politicas influyen en la génesis del alcoholismo en Rusia, donde en el 2005, el alcohol estuvo ligado a 72% de asesinatos y 42% de los suicidios. Mientras en el Perú la principal preocupación esta centrada en adolescentes alcohólicos con detenciones vinculadas a su uso (26% del total de arrestos por faltas policiales), más del 40% de las muertes ocurridas en accidentes de tránsito están asociadas al consumo de alcohol. Entre las atenciones de emergencia por accidentes y agresiones incluyendo homicidios, en 7 centros hospitalarios de Lima, el uso de alcohol estuvo presente en el 41,3% de los casos. Según Bravo, el problema ha crecido porque nuestra sociedad es permisiva con el consumo del alcohol, añadiendo que para lograr el éxito de un tratamiento debe haber decisión de ingresar y mantenerse dentro de un programa de tratamiento. Todos los especialistas coinciden en que el alcohólico necesita el apoyo familiar en las terapias de recuperación. Mientras en el Perú, los estados depresivos u ansiosos, la baja tolerancia a las frustraciones o la incapacidad para resistir al estrés son implicados como los mayores condicionantes, en Rusia se acepta que el alcoholismo es una enfermedad del alma. Los rusos no tienen metas espirituales, no tienen un porque para vivir.

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2 Comments:

Blogger southcoast said...

Hi. nice blog.I've actually never tried drugs and don't plan on it. I've had an uncle that was addicted to marijuana and he lost part of his one leg in a car accident due to drugs. It's scary and I don't understand why someone would want to waste their life doing drugs.please advice them to take a drug treament program.

9:54 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

The information here is great. I will invite my friends here.

Thanks

10:56 AM  

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